European Steering Group (ESG) for Research and Technical Development (RTD) on Particle Accelerators
|The development of new accelerators in the past decades has allowed particle physicists to explore more precisely the structure of matter leading to major discoveries and advances in this field. Thanks to the technical progress made in the development of these accelerators, important breakthroughs in other fields of science have been made possible as well. Both particle accelerators producing intense light and neutron sources are now indispensable tools for biologists and solid-state physicists. Similarly, NMR based on high-field superconducting magnets has become a common device in biochemistry and medical science and accelerator-based hadron-therapy centers are being developed. Finally, accelerators have become very efficient tools for the industrial sector and lead to innovation in many areas. The use of accelerators is also studied in the energy and environment domain. One can expect this trend to continue in the future following the current development of new generations of accelerators.
The realization of these new accelerators needed for studying particle physics relies crucially on a strong and steady RTD program, the magnitude and diversity of which surpasses the intellectual, technical and financial resources of a single laboratory or institution and requires a large international effort.
Accordingly, the directors of CCLRC, CERN, DAPNIA/CEA, DESY, LNF, Orsay/IN2P3, and PSI in consultation with ECFA have decided in 2002 to form a European Steering Group on Accelerator R&D (ESGARD), coordinated by Roy Aleksan with the administrative support of the CEA.